23 February 2009

Windows Shortcuts & Commands

In this topic you will find all the Shortcuts keys and Commands for Windows.

Windows XP Shortcuts:
  1. ALT+- (ALT+hyphen) Displays the Multiple Document Interface (MDI) child window's System menu
  2. ALT+ENTER View properties for the selected item
  3. ALT+ESC Cycle through items in the order they were opened
  4. ALT+F4 Close the active item, or quit the active program
  5. ALT+SPACEBAR Display the System menu for the active window
  6. ALT+TAB Switch between open items
  7. ALT+Underlined letter Display the corresponding menu
  8. BACKSPACE View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer
  9. CTRL+A Select all
  10. CTRL+B Bold
  11. CTRL+C Copy
  12. CTRL+I Italics
  13. CTRL+O Open an item
  14. CTRL+U Underline
  15. CTRL+V Paste
  16. CTRL+X Cut
  17. CTRL+Z Undo
  18. CTRL+F4 Close the active document
  19. CTRL while dragging Copy selected item
  20. CTRL+SHIFT while dragging Create shortcut to selected iteM
  21. CTRL+RIGHT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word
  22. CTRL+LEFT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word
  23. CTRL+DOWN ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph
  24. CTRL+UP ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph
  25. SHIFT+DELETE Delete selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin
  26. ESC Cancel the current task
  27. F1 Displays Help
  28. F2 Rename selected item
  29. F3 Search for a file or folder
  30. F4 Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer
  31. F5 Refresh the active window
  32. F6 Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop
  33. F10 Activate the menu bar in the active program
  34. SHIFT+F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item
  35. CTRL+ESC Display the Start menu
  36. SHIFT+CTRL+ESC Launches Task Manager
  37. SHIFT when you insert a CD Prevent the CD from automatically playing
  38. WIN Display or hide the Start menu
  39. WIN+BREAK Display the System Properties dialog box
  40. WIN+D Minimizes all Windows and shows the Desktop
  41. WIN+E Open Windows Explorer
  42. WIN+F Search for a file or folder
  43. WIN+F+CTRL Search for computers
  44. WIN+L Locks the desktop
  45. WIN+M Minimize or restore all windows
  46. WIN+R Open the Run dialog box
  47. WIN+TAB Switch between open items.
Windows Explorer Shortcuts:
  1. ALT+SPACEBAR - Display the current window’s system menu
  2. SHIFT+F10 - Display the item's context menu
  3. CTRL+ESC - Display the Start menu
  4. ALT+TAB - Switch to the window you last used
  5. ALT+F4 - Close the current window or quit
  6. CTRL+A - Select all items
  7. CTRL+X - Cut selected item(s)
  8. CTRL+C - Copy selected item(s)
  9. CTRL+V - Paste item(s)
  10. CTRL+Z - Undo last action
  11. CTRL+(+) - Automatically resize the columns in the right hand pane
  12. TAB - Move forward through options
  13. ALT+RIGHT ARROW - Move forward to a previous view
  14. ALT+LEFT ARROW - Move backward to a previous view
  15. SHIFT+DELETE - Delete an item immediately
  16. BACKSPACE - View the folder one level up
  17. ALT+ENTER - View an item’s properties
  18. F10 - Activate the menu bar in programs
  19. F6 - Switch between left and right panes
  20. F5 - Refresh window contents
  21. F3 - Display Find application
  22. F2 - Rename selected item.
Internet Explorer Shortcuts:
  1. CTRL+A - Select all items on the current page
  2. CTRL+D - Add the current page to your Favorites
  3. CTRL+E - Open the Search bar
  4. CTRL+F - Find on this page
  5. CTRL+H - Open the History bar
  6. CTRL+I - Open the Favorites bar
  7. CTRL+N - Open a new window
  8. CTRL+O - Go to a new location
  9. CTRL+P - Print the current page or active frame
  10. CTRL+S - Save the current page
  11. CTRL+W - Close current browser window
  12. CTRL+ENTER - Adds the http://www. (url) .com
  13. SHIFT+CLICK - Open link in new window
  14. BACKSPACE - Go to the previous page
  15. ALT+HOME - Go to your Home page
  16. HOME - Move to the beginning of a document
  17. TAB - Move forward through items on a page
  18. END - Move to the end of a document
  19. ESC - Stop downloading a page
  20. F11 - Toggle full-screen view
  21. F5 - Refresh the current page
  22. F4 - Display list of typed addresses
  23. F6 - Change Address bar and page focus
  24. ALT+RIGHT ARROW - Go to the next page
  25. SHIFT+CTRL+TAB - Move back between frames
  26. SHIFT+F10 - Display a shortcut menu for a link
  27. SHIFT+TAB - Move back through the items on a page
  28. CTRL+TAB - Move forward between frames
  29. CTRL+C - Copy selected items to the clipboard
  30. CTRL+V - Insert contents of the clipboard
  31. ENTER - Activate a selected link
  32. HOME - Move to the beginning of a document
  33. END - Move to the end of a document
  34. F1 - Display Internet Explorer Help.
Run Commands:
  1. compmgmt.msc - Computer management
  2. devmgmt.msc - Device manager
  3. diskmgmt.msc - Disk management
  4. dfrg.msc - Disk defrag
  5. eventvwr.msc - Event viewer
  6. fsmgmt.msc - Shared folders
  7. gpedit.msc - Group policies
  8. lusrmgr.msc - Local users and groups
  9. perfmon.msc - Performance monitor
  10. rsop.msc - Resultant set of policies
  11. secpol.msc - Local security settings
  12. services.msc - Various Services
  13. msconfig - System Configuration Utility
  14. regedit - Registry Editor
  15. msinfo32 _ System Information
  16. sysedit _ System Edit
  17. win.ini _ windows loading information(also system.ini)
  18. winver _ Shows current version of windows
  19. mailto: _ Opens default email client
  20. command _ Opens command prompt.
Run Commands to access the control panel:
  1. Add/Remove Programs control appwiz.cpl
  2. Date/Time Properties control timedate.cpl
  3. Display Properties control desk.cpl
  4. FindFast control findfast.cpl
  5. Fonts Folder control fonts
  6. Internet Properties control inetcpl.cpl
  7. Keyboard Properties control main.cpl keyboard
  8. Mouse Properties control main.cpl
  9. Multimedia Properties control mmsys.cpl
  10. Network Properties control netcpl.cpl
  11. Password Properties control password.cpl
  12. Printers Folder control printers
  13. Sound Properties control mmsys.cpl sounds
  14. System Properties control sysdm.cpl
Command Prompt:
  1. ANSI.SYS Defines functions that change display graphics, control cursor movement, and reassign keys.
  2. APPEND Causes MS-DOS to look in other directories when editing a file or running a command.
  3. ARP Displays, adds, and removes arp information from network devices.
  4. ASSIGN Assign a drive letter to an alternate letter.
  5. ASSOC View the file associations.
  6. AT Schedule a time to execute commands or programs.
  7. ATMADM Lists connections and addresses seen by Windows ATM call manager.
  8. ATTRIB Display and change file attributes.
  9. BATCH Recovery console command that executes a series of commands in a file.
  10. BOOTCFG Recovery console command that allows a user to view, modify, and rebuild the boot.ini
  11. BREAK Enable / disable CTRL + C feature.
  12. CACLS View and modify file ACL's.
  13. CALL Calls a batch file from another batch file.
  14. CD Changes directories.
  15. CHCP Supplement the International keyboard and character set information.
  16. CHDIR Changes directories.
  17. CHKDSK Check the hard disk drive running FAT for errors.
  18. CHKNTFS Check the hard disk drive running NTFS for errors.
  19. CHOICE Specify a listing of multiple options within a batch file.
  20. CLS Clears the screen.
  21. CMD Opens the command interpreter.
  22. COLOR Easily change the foreground and background color of the MS-DOS window.
  23. COMP Compares files.
  24. COMPACT Compresses and uncompress files.
  25. CONTROL Open control panel icons from the MS-DOS prompt.
  26. CONVERT Convert FAT to NTFS.
  27. COPY Copy one or more files to an alternate location.
  28. CTTY Change the computers input/output devices.
  29. DATE View or change the systems date.
  30. DEBUG Debug utility to create assembly programs to modify hardware settings.
  31. DEFRAG Re-arrange the hard disk drive to help with loading programs.
  32. DEL Deletes one or more files.
  33. DELETE Recovery console command that deletes a file.
  34. DELTREE Deletes one or more files and/or directories.
  35. DIR List the contents of one or more directory.
  36. DISABLE Recovery console command that disables Windows system services or drivers.
  37. DISKCOMP Compare a disk with another disk.
  38. DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one disk and place them on another disk.
  39. DOSKEY Command to view and execute commands that have been run in the past.
  40. DOSSHELL A GUI to help with early MS-DOS users.
  41. DRIVPARM Enables overwrite of original device drivers.
  42. ECHO Displays messages and enables and disables echo.
  43. EDIT View and edit files.
  44. EDLIN View and edit files.
  45. EMM386 Load extended Memory Manager.
  46. ENABLE Recovery console command to enable a disable service or driver.
  47. ENDLOCAL Stops the localization of the environment changes enabled by the setlocal command.
  48. ERASE Erase files from computer.
  49. EXIT Exit from the command interpreter.
  50. EXPAND Expand a M*cros*ft Windows file back to it's original format.
  51. EXTRACT Extract files from the M*cros*ft Windows cabinets.
  52. FASTHELP Displays a listing of MS-DOS commands and information about them.
  53. FC Compare files.
  54. FDISK Utility used to create partitions on the hard disk drive.
  55. FIND Search for text within a file.
  56. FINDSTR Searches for a string of text within a file.
  57. FIXBOOT Writes a new boot sector.
  58. FIXMBR Writes a new boot record to a disk drive.
  59. FOR Boolean used in batch files.
  60. FORMAT Command to erase and prepare a disk drive.
  61. FTP Command to connect and operate on a FTP server.
  62. FTYPE Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.
  63. GOTO Moves a batch file to a specific label or location.
  64. GRAFTABL Show extended characters in graphics mode.
  65. HELP Display a listing of commands and brief explanation.
  66. IF Allows for batch files to perform conditional processing.
  67. IFSHLP.SYS 32-bit file manager.
  68. IPCONFIG Network command to view network adapter settings and assigned values.
  69. KEYB Change layout of keyboard.
  70. LABEL Change the label of a disk drive.
  71. LH Load a device driver in to high memory.
  72. LISTSVC Recovery console command that displays the services and drivers.
  73. LOADFIX Load a program above the first 64k.
  74. LOADHIGH Load a device driver in to high memory.
  75. LOCK Lock the hard disk drive.
  76. LOGON Recovery console command to list installations and enable administrator login.
  77. MAP Displays the device name of a drive.
  78. MD Command to create a new directory.
  79. MEM Display memory on system.
  80. MKDIR Command to create a new directory.
  81. MODE Modify the port or display settings.
  82. MORE Display one page at a time.
  83. MOVE Move one or more files from one directory to another directory.
  84. MSAV Early M*cros*ft Virus scanner.
  85. MSD Diagnostics utility.
  86. MSCDEX Utility used to load and provide access to the CD-ROM.
  87. NBTSTAT Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT
  88. NET Update, fix, or view the network or network settings
  89. NETSH Configure dynamic and static network information from MS-DOS.
  90. NETSTAT Display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information.
  91. NLSFUNC Load country specific information.
  92. NSLOOKUP Look up an IP address of a domain or host on a network.
  93. PATH View and modify the computers path location.
  94. PATHPING View and locate locations of network latency.
  95. PAUSE Command used in batch files to stop the processing of a command.
  96. PING Test / send information to another network computer or network device.
  97. POPD Changes to the directory or network path stored by the pushd command.
  98. POWER Conserve power with computer portables.
  99. PRINT Prints data to a printer port.
  100. PROMPT View and change the MS-DOS prompt.
  101. PUSHD Stores a directory or network path in memory so it can be returned to at any time.
  102. QBASIC Open the QBasic.
  103. RD Removes an empty directory.
  104. REN Renames a file or directory.
  105. RENAME Renames a file or directory.
  106. RMDIR Removes an empty directory.
  107. ROUTE View and configure windows network route tables.
  108. RUNAS Enables a user to execute a program on another computer.
  109. SCANDISK Run the scandisk utility.
  110. SCANREG Scan registry and recover registry from errors.
  111. SET Change one variable or string to another.
  112. SETLOCAL Enables local environments to be changed without affecting anything else.
  113. SETVER Change MS-DOS version to trick older MS-DOS programs.
  114. SHARE Installs support for file sharing and locking capabilities.
  115. SHIFT Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch program.
  116. SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer from the MS-DOS prompt.
  117. SMARTDRV Create a disk cache in conventional memory or extended memory.
  118. SORT Sorts the input and displays the output to the screen.
  119. START Start a separate window in Windows from the MS-DOS prompt.
  120. SUBST Substitute a folder on your computer for another drive letter.
  121. SWITCHES Remove add functions from MS-DOS.
  122. SYS Transfer system files to disk drive.
  123. TELNET Telnet to another computer / device from the prompt.
  124. TIME View or modify the system time.
  125. TITLE Change the title of their MS-DOS window.
  126. TRACERT Visually view a network packets route across a network.
  127. TREE View a visual tree of the hard disk drive.
  128. TYPE Display the contents of a file.
  129. UNDELETE Undelete a file that has been deleted.
  130. UNFORMAT Unformat a hard disk drive.
  131. UNLOCK Unlock a disk drive.
  132. VER Display the version information.
  133. VERIFY Enables or disables the feature to determine if files have been written properly.
  134. VOL Displays the volume information about the designated drive.
  135. XCOPY Copy multiple files, directories, and/or drives from one location to another.
  136. TRUENAME When placed before a file, will display the whole directory in which it exists
  137. TASKKILL It allows you to kill those unneeded or locked up applications .


  1. very nice .....post buddy...Thanks a lot for all this shortcuts and commands....i have printed it....

  2. This is quite educative and very helpful and necessary for the people like us.......Many thanks

  3. wow! thanks 4 all the shortcuts and commands...I made a print copy of these...

  4. i'm happy tht u made a copy of this..
    it will help u to learn all the shortcuts and commands.